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Bulgaria

2013: The prevalence of dementia in Europe

Alzheimer Europe estimates the number of people with dementia in Bulgaria in 2012 as being 109,893. This represents 1.49% of the total population of 7,397,873. The number of people with dementia as a percentage of the population is somewhat lower than the EU average of 1.55%. The following table shows the estimated number of people with dementia between 30 and 59 and for every 5-year age group thereafter.

 Age group

Men with dementia

Women with dementia

Total

30 - 59

2,527

1,435

3,962

60 - 64

465

2,507

2,972

65 - 69

3,316

3,334

6,650

70 - 74

4,315

7,293

11,608

75 - 79

7,687

12,889

20,575

80 - 84

10,315

19,551

29,866

85 - 89

6,560

16,778

23,338

90 - 94

2,381

7,364

9,744

95+

284

892

1,177

Total

37,851

72,042

109,893

The number of people effectively diagnosed with dementia is likely to be lower than the above estimate. Again, no official statistical data regarding these numbers are available.

The estimated percentage of residents who have dementia in general/non-specialised residential homes is: 1% in public homes, 10% in private homes. This includes both diagnosed and undiagnosed cases.

In April 2013, the National Health Insurance Agency started to reimburse the costs for Alzheimer’s disease medications. In cooperation with the hospitals that diagnose the disease and prescribe medicines, the Alzheimer Bulgaria Association (ABA) has started gathering data. By the end of 2013, it should be possible to have more informed data on the number of people diagnosed with dementia and to make an estimate on the number of people with dementia in Bulgaria.

Until 2006, there were no epidemiological studies in the country. The first study in the country was carried out in 2006-2007 in the Varna region by Assoc. Prof. Ivan Dimitrov, MD. Ph.D. (Dimitrov et al., 2012).

In specialised residential homes, there is 1 nursing staff worker per 20 residents. In general residential homes, there is an estimated 1 nursing staff worker per 30 residents.

In specialised residential homes, there is 1 auxiliary staff worker per 20 residents. In general residential homes, there is an estimated 1 auxiliary staff worker per 25 residents. Depending on the availability of project funds, for home care-the government offers “personal and social assistants” who do not have the qualifications to care for people with dementia.

The ratio of staff to residents in general/non-specialised residential homes is estimated to be 1 nursing staff worker for every 30 residents (including residents who do not have dementia) and 1 nursing staff worker and 1 auxiliary staff worker for every 20 residents in specialised residential homes for people with dementia.

 

 
 

Last Updated: Monday 24 February 2014

 

 
  • Acknowledgements

    The above information was published in the 2013 Dementia in Europe Yearbook as part of Alzheimer Europe's 2013 Work Plan which received funding from the European Union in the framework of the Health Programme.
  • European Union
 
 

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